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雅思作文與口語常用同義詞替換100+列表

雅思
發表時間:2020-10-26 33人瀏覽

備考雅思的同學們都知道,同義詞替換在雅思考試中非常重要,經常是雅思聽說讀寫四項的考點。

尤其是在作文和口語當中,更是拿高分的關鍵。

于是,本文就為大家總結了最常用的100個同義詞替換詞伙,希望大家先收藏,再慢慢記憶、使用,爭取能用在自己的作文和口語當中,為自己的考試提分。

由于同義單詞、詞組很多,本文會持續更新下去,并且會附上例句和短語,爭取把常用的好的單詞和詞組都總結下來,供大家備考參考。

(每組同義詞中,還附上了英文的解釋,以便讓大家更好地理解同義詞意思上的minor differences)

——————————————————使用指南———————————————————

【目標雅思6-6.5分】看看即可,不必強求記憶

【目標雅思7.0+】不僅要看,還要背過,并且能用


【重要】important

  • crucial (extremely important)
  • significant (amount or effects large enough to be important)

【常見的、普遍的】common

  • universal
  • ubiquitous (if something is ubiquitous, it seems to be every where)

【豐富的、充足的】abundant

  • ample (enough and usually extra)
  • plentiful (enough for people’s needs and wants)

【堅持(認為)】stick

  • adhere
  • cling (hold on something tightly)

【忽略】neglect

  • ignore

(不同點: neglect 意思是 someone has not paid enough attention to something; ignore means no attention.)

【幾乎、將近】near

  • adjacent (two things next to each other)
  • adjoin(the same as adjacent)

【追求】pursue

  • seek (if you seek sth, you try to obtain it. seek很正式)

【準確的】accurate

  • precise (precise is exact and accurate in all details)
  • exact (correct in every detail)

【含糊不清的】vague

  • obscure (unknown or known by only a few people)

【最高的】top

  • peak
  • summit

【競爭者】competitor

  • rival
  • opponent

(尤其用在體育或者政治類的話題中)

【責怪】blame

  • condemn (if you condemn something, you say it is very bad and unacceptable)

【觀點】opinion

  • perspective
  • standpoint

【名聲】fame

  • prestige (describe those who are admired)
  • reputation

【建立】build

  • erect (you can erect something as buildings, 正式詞匯)
  • establish

【侮辱】insult

  • humiliate (do something or say something which makes people feel ashamed or stupid)

【抱怨】complain

  • grumble (complain something in a bad-tempered way)

【主要的】primary

  • radical (very important and great in degree)
  • fundamental

減輕】relieve

  • alleviate (alleviate means you make pain or sufferings less intense or severe)

強制】force

  • coerce into (coerce means you make someone do something she/he does not want to)
  • compel

【擴大】enlarge

  • magnify (magnify means make something larger than it really is)

【復雜的】complex

  • complicated
  • intricate (if something is intricate, it often has many small parts and details)

【孤獨的】Lonely

  • solitary (if someone is solitary, there is no one near him/her)

【小的】small

  • minuscule (very small)
  • minute

【表揚、贊美】praise

  • extol (stronger than praise)
  • compliment(polite and political)

【勤奮的】hard-working

  • assiduous (someone who is assiduous works hard or does things very thoroughly)

【困難的】difficult

  • arduous (if something is arduous, it is difficult and tiring, and involves a lot of efforts)

【(土地)貧瘠的】poor (soil)

  • barren
  • infertile (used to describe the soil is so poor that plants cannot be planted on it)

【脆弱的、易碎的】fragile

  • brittle
  • vulnerable (someone who is vulnerable is easily hurt emotionally or physically)

【展示出】show

  • demonstrate (to demonstrate a fact means to make it clear to people.)

【大的】big

  • massive (large in size, quantity, or extent)
  • colossal (use this word, you emphasize something’s large)
  • tremendous (非正式詞匯,多用在口語中)

【避免】avoid

  • shun (if someone shuns something, she/he deliberately avoid that something or keep away from it.)
  • keep sth away from sth

公平的】fair

  • impartial (someone who is impartial is able to give a fair opinion or decision on something.)

【攻擊】attack

  • assault (physically attack someone)
  • assail (attack violently)

【不喜歡】dislike

  • abhor (abhor means you hate something to a extreme extent for moral reasons)
  • loathe (dislike very much)

【徹底摧毀】ruin

  • destroy
  • devastate (it means damage something very badly, or utterly destroy it.)

【一直】always

  • invariably (the same as always, but better than always)

【永遠】forever

  • perpetual (a perpetual state never changes)
  • immutable (something immutable will never change or be changed)

驚喜的】surprise

  • startle (it means surprise you slightly)
  • astound (surprise you to a large degree)
  • astonish(the same as astound)

【熱情】enthusiasm

  • zeal (a great enthusiasm)
  • fervency (sincere and enthusiasm)

【安靜的】quiet

  • tranquil (calm and peaceful)
  • serene (calm and quiet)

【貴的】expensive

  • exorbitant (it means too expensive that it should be)

【奢侈的】luxurious

  • lavish (impressive and very expensive)
  • sumptuous (grand and very expensive)

【枯燥的】boring

  • tedious (if you describe something tedious, you mean it is boring and frustrating)

【尊重】respect

  • esteem (if you esteem someone, you respect and admire him/her. 正式詞匯)

【擔憂】worry

  • concern
  • fret (if you fret about something, you worry about it)

【冷的】cold

  • chilly (unpleasantly cold)
  • icy(extremely cold)

【熱的】hot

  • boiling (very hot)

【危險的】dangerous

  • perilous (very dangerous)
  • hazardous (dangerous, especially to people’s safety and health)

【獨特的】only

  • unique (the only one of its kind)
  • distinctive

【停止】stop

  • cease (if something ceases, it stops happening or existing)

【部分】part

  • component (the components of something are the parts that it is made of)

【結果】result

  • consequence (the results or effects of something)

【明顯的】obvious

  • apparent
  • manifest

【基于....】based on

  • derived from (can see or notice them very easily)

【非常】quite

  • fairly

【可悲的】pathetic

  • lamentable (very uncomfortable and disappointing)

【領域】field

  • area
  • domain (a particular field of thought, activities or interest)

【看起來】appear

  • emerge (come into existence)

全部的】whole

  • entire (the whole of something)

潮濕的】wet

  • moist (slightly wet)
  • damp (slightly wet)
  • humid (very damp and hot)

【 錯誤的】wrong

  • erroneous (incorrect or partly correct)

【困難的】difficult

  • formidable

【改變】change

  • convert (change into another form)

【典型的】typical

  • quintessential (this word means represent a typical example of something)

【小心的】careful

  • cautious (very careful in order to avoid danger), prudent(careful and sensible)

【能力】ability

  • capacity
  • capability (the same as ability)

【奇怪的】strange

eccentric (if some one is eccentric, she/he behaves in a strange way, or his/her opinion is different from most people)

【富有的、富足的】rich

  • affluent (if you are affluent, you have a lot of money)

【利用】use

  • utilize (the same as use)

【可疑地】dubious

  • skeptical (if you are skeptical about something, you have doubts on it.)

【滿足】satisfy

  • gratify (if you are gratified by something, it gives you pleasure and satisfaction)

【短暫的】short

  • fleeting
  • ephemeral (if something is ephemeral, it lasts a short time)

【獎學金】Scholarship

  • fellowship

【難聞的】smelly

  • malodorous (used to describe an unpleasant smell)

【丑的】ugly

  • hideous (if something is hideous, it is very ugly or unattractive)

【令人著迷的】attractive

  • appealing (pleasing and attractive)
  • absorbing (something absorbing can attract you a great deal)

【多種多樣的】diverse

  • miscellaneous (a miscellaneous groups consists of many different kinds of things)

【混亂的】disorder

  • disarray
  • chaos

【瘋狂的】crazily

  • frantically (used to describe someone who behaves in a wild and uncontrolled way)

【迅速的】rapid

  • meteoric (ATTENTION: meteoric is only used to describe someone achieves success quickly)

【尋常的】ordinary

  • mundane (very ordinary and not at interesting or unusual)

【盡管】despite

  • notwithstanding (正式的)
  • while
  • although

【最好的】best

  • ideal
  • optimal (used to describe the best level something can achieve)

【尖銳的】sharp

  • acute (severe and intense)

【不可置信的】unbelievable

  • inconceivable (if you deem something inconceivable, you think it very unlike to happen )

【令人困惑的】puzzle

  • confuse
  • perplex (something perplex someone means it confuses and worries him/her because he/she does not understand it)

途徑】method

  • avenue (a way of getting something done)

【著名的】famous

  • distinguished (used to describe people who are successful in their career)

【古代的】ancient

  • archaic (extremely old and extremely old-fashioned)

【裝飾】decorate

  • embellish (embellish means make something look more attractive via decorating it with something else)

【可能的,可行的】possible

  • feasible (if something is feasible, it can be done, made or achieved)

【所以】so

  • consequently
  • accordingly
  • therefore
  • thus

【罕見的】rare

  • infrequent (doesn’t happen often)

【貪婪的】greedy

  • rapacious (greedy and selfish)

【人們】people

  • individuals
  • characters
  • folks
  • persons

【現今】nowadays

  • currently

【糟糕的、不好的】not good,bad

  • dreadful
  • unfavorable
  • poor
  • adverse
  • ill
  • be less impressive

【有非常多的好處】get many benefits

  • reap huge fruits

【個人認為】in my opinion

  • for my perspective
  • peronally
  • from my own perspective




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